Why is dental hygiene so important?
Good dental hygiene helps prevent dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. With proper dental care you can prevent plaque and tartar build up on your teeth. Plaque and tartar build up are the number ones reasons for gum disease.
What is plaque?
is a soft whitish deposit that builds up on your teeth. It forms when bacteria, food and saliva combine together. Plaque contains a number of bacteria that can cause tooth decay and gum disease. You can remove this and prevent the build up by simply brushing your teeth daily.
What is tartar?
Tartar is a very hard calcified substance that sticks firmly to your teeth. Tartar can only be removed with instruments at a dental office.
What is tooth decay?
Tooth decay is when holes form in the tooth enamel. This occurs when plaque is built up on the teeth. Plaque reacts with the sugars and starches in the food we eat and creates an acid. The acid then eats away at the tooth enamel causing decay. With tooth decay you will generally need a filling or crown to correct it.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is inflammation or infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth. Gum disease is the number one reason for tooth loss in adults. A build up of plaque is usually the cause of gum disease. In most cases gum disease is treatable. Usually with an antibiotic mouth wash.
How do you prevent tooth decay, loss and gum disease?
The first step to preventing any of these from happening to you is your dental hygiene at home. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day. The best brush to use is a soft bristled tooth brush. You should also be using toothpaste that contains fluoride. Brush for at least two minutes each time. Pay attention the areas where the tooth meets the gums. You should also floss regularly. This will ensure that nothing is being left sitting in between the teeth where the brush can not reach. Going to the dentist and having regular cleaning is also important. You should do this at least twice a year. Most insurances will cover a cleaning every six months.
Here are few extra tips…
Try to avoid acidic foods. If you choose to eat acidic foods you should at least rinse your mouth after eating them. Limit the amount of sugary drinks you have. Rinse after drinking something sugary such as a soda. Mouth wash with fluoride will also help strengthen your teeth.
Take care of your mouth and have a beautiful smile!